Introduction: Nissen fundoplication is the golden standard for surgical treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Numerous studies report excellent short-term results. However, data regarding long-term quality of life are lacking. The aim of this study is to investigate the long-term quality of life after Nissen fundoplication in patients with GERD and to compare this with the short-term results.
Patients and methods: We retrospectively analysed all patients who underwent laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication for GERD between January 2004 and January 2016. All patients received a validated GERD-Health-Related Quality of Life questionnaire by mail to assess post-operative quality of life. Maximum quality of life is represented by a score of 75. Secondary outcome measures were complications and recurrence rate.
Results: One hundred and seventy-five (77.1%) of the 227 operated patients returned the questionnaire. The median follow-up was 3.7 (0.1-10.3) years. Mean age was 51.6 (range 15-85) and 72 patients were male. We report an excellent quality of life with a median total score of 70 (range 2-75). Re-operation rate was 13.6% (23/169); the re-operation was due to recurrent reflux in 12 patients and due to persistent dysphagia in 11 patients. 91.3% of the re-operations were performed within the first 5 years after surgery. Mortality rate was zero.
Conclusion: We report a large series of single-centre, single-surgeon laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. Despite the re-operation rate of 13.6%, we found excellent long-term symptomatic outcome. There was no difference between short- and long-term results.